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\n
\n
\n\n
\n\t\"\"\n
\n

\n
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\n
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\n\n
\n\t\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\n
\n

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\n
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\n
\n\u4E09\u3001\u6CB3\u5357\u7701\u957F\u57A3\u5E02\u91D1\u67D0\u8F89\u65E0\u8BC1\u751F\u4EA7\u7ECF\u8425\u519C\u836F\u3001\u517D\u836F\u3001\u9972\u6599\u6DFB\u52A0\u5242\u6848
\n
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\n
\n\u4E94\u3001\u5C71\u897F\u7701\u8FD0\u57CE\u5E02\u67D0\u751F\u7269\u79D1\u6280\u6709\u9650\u516C\u53F8\u751F\u4EA7\u9500\u552E\u5047\u517D\u836F\u6848
\n
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\n
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\n
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\n\u8BD5\u9A8C4\u4E2D\uFF0C\u9009\u7528160\u5934\u732A\u53EA\uFF08\u521D\u59CB\u4F53\u91CD6.3 kg\uFF09\u968F\u673A\u5206\u52304\u79CD\u8BD5\u9A8C\u65E5\u7CAE\u7EC4\u4E2D\u7684\u4E00\u7EC4\uFF0C\u8FDB\u884C\u4E3A\u671F20\u5929\u7684\u8BD5\u9A8C\uFF0C\u6BCF\u7EC48\u4E2A\u91CD\u590D\u680F\uFF0C\u6BCF\u680F5\u5934\u732A\u53EA\u3002\u5728\u540C\u4E00\u4E2A\u65E5\u7CAELys\u7684SID\u57FA\u7840\u4E0A\uFF0C\u7528\u4E0D\u540C\u7684\u9AD8\u7CB1\u54C1\u79CD\u66FF\u4EE3\u7389\u7C73\u3002\u5404\u7EC4\u95F4\u732A\u53EA\u7684\u751F\u957F\u6027\u80FD\u53C2\u6570\u6CA1\u6709\u51FA\u73B0\u5DEE\u5F02\u3002
\n
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\n
\n\u7EFC\u4E0A\u6240\u8FF0\uFF0C\u4E0D\u540C\u8C37\u7269\u65E5\u7CAE\u7EC4\u95F4P\u3001DE\u548CME\u7684STTD\u6CA1\u6709\u5DEE\u5F02\u30023\u4E2A\u9AD8\u7CB1\u54C1\u79CD\u4E4B\u95F4SID \u7684AA\u503C\u65E0\u5DEE\u5F02\uFF1B\u4F46\u662F\uFF0C\u90FD\u6BD4\u7389\u7C73\u7EC4\u4F4E\u3002\u7ED3\u679C\u8868\u660E\uFF0C\u5982\u679C\u65E5\u7CAE\u914D\u5236\u65F6\u8003\u8651\u4E86AA\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u7684\u5DEE\u5F02\uFF0C\u90A3\u4E48\u5728\u4FDD\u80B2\u732A\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E2D\u4E0D\u540C\u54C1\u79CD\u7684\u9AD8\u7CB1\u53EF\u4EE5\u66FF\u4EE3\u7389\u7C73\u3002
\n
\nNutritional evaluation of different varieties of sorghum and the effects on nursery pig growth performance
\nFive experiments were conducted to determine the standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) of P, digestible energy (DE), metabolizable energy (ME), and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of amino acids (AA) in three sorghum varieties compared with corn and to determine the effects of sorghum varieties on nursery pig growth. In exp. 1, 48 barrows (initially 18.6 kg) were housed individually in metabolism crates. Treatments were arranged in a 2 \u00D7 4 factorial evaluating two levels of microbial phytase (0 or 500 units/kg) and four grain sources (corn, high-lysine, red, or white sorghum). Added phytase improved (P < 0.05) STTD of P in all ingredients, but was not different among the grains. In exp. 2, the DE and ME in the three sorghum varieties were not different from corn. In exp. 3, 10 growing barrows (initially 25.9 kg) with a T-cannula in the terminal ileum were used. Standardized ileal digestible Lys, Met, Thr, and Val were greater (P < 0.05) in corn than in the sorghum-based diets with no differences among the sorghum varieties. In exp. 4, 160 pigs (initially 6.3 kg) were randomly allotted to one of four dietary treatments with five pigs per pen and eight replicate pens per treatment in a 20-d experiment. Dietary treatments included corn or the three sorghum varieties, where the varieties of sorghum replaced corn on an SID Lys basis. No differences among treatments were observed in any growth performance parameters. In exp. 5, treatments consisted of a corn-based diet, a diet based on conventional sorghum (a mixture of red and white sorghum), and four diets with high-lysine sorghum containing increasing amounts of feed-grade AA, replacing soybean meal. Overall, pigs fed the high-lysine sorghum diet with the greatest amount of added feed-grade AA had the poorest gain:feed ratio (G:F; P < 0.05) compared with pigs fed all the other experimental diets. Within those fed the high-lysine sorghum and feed-grade AA, average daily gain, final body weight (linear, P < 0.10), and G:F (linear, P < 0.01) decreased as feed-grade AA increased. In summary, no differences in STTD of P or in DE and ME were observed among the grain sources. The SID AA values for the three sorghum varieties were not different; however, they were all lower than for corn. These results indicate that these varieties of sorghum can successfully replace corn in nursery pig diets if diets are formulated to account for differences in AA digestibility.
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In exp. 1, 48 barrows (initially 18.6 kg) were housed individually in metabolism crates. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 4 factorial evaluating two levels of microbial phytase (0 or 500 units/kg) and four grain sources (corn, high-lysine, red, or white sorghum). Added phytase improved (P < 0.05) STTD of P in all ingredients, but was not different among the grains. In exp. 2, the DE and ME in the three sorghum varieties were not different from corn. In exp. 3, 10 growing barrows (initially 25.9 kg) with a T-cannula in the terminal ileum were used. Standardized ileal digestible Lys, Met, Thr, and Val were greater (P < 0.05) in corn than in the sorghum-based diets with no differences among the sorghum varieties. In exp. 4, 160 pigs (initially 6.3 kg) were randomly allotted to one of four dietary treatments with five pigs per pen and eight replicate pens per treatment in a 20-d experiment. Dietary treatments included corn or the three sorghum varieties, where the varieties of sorghum replaced corn on an SID Lys basis. No differences among treatments were observed in any growth performance parameters. In exp. 5, treatments consisted of a corn-based diet, a diet based on conventional sorghum (a mixture of red and white sorghum), and four diets with high-lysine sorghum containing increasing amounts of feed-grade AA, replacing soybean meal. Overall, pigs fed the high-lysine sorghum diet with the greatest amount of added feed-grade AA had the poorest gain:feed ratio (G:F; P < 0.05) compared with pigs fed all the other experimental diets. Within those fed the high-lysine sorghum and feed-grade AA, average daily gain, final body weight (linear, P < 0.10), and G:F (linear, P < 0.01) decreased as feed-grade AA increased. In summary, no differences in STTD of P or in DE and ME were observed among the grain sources. The SID AA values for the three sorghum varieties were not different; however, they were all lower than for corn. These results indicate that these varieties of sorghum can successfully replace corn in nursery pig diets if diets are formulated to account for differences in AA digestibility.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"323","ClassID":"19","Title":"\u4ED4\u732A\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u5F71\u54CD\u4F53\u86CB\u767D\u6C89\u79EF\uFF0C\u4F46\u4E0D\u5F71\u54CD\u86CB\u767D\u5229\u7528\u6548\u7387","SubTitle":"\u4ED4\u732A\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u5F71\u54CD\u4F53\u86CB\u767D\u6C89\u79EF\uFF0C\u4F46\u4E0D\u5F71\u54CD\u86CB\u767D\u5229\u7528\u6548\u7387","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"
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\n \u4F4E\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u7EC4\u548C\u9AD8\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u7EC4\u732A\u7684\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u5206\u522B\u4E3A1.11\u00B10.14\u30011.79\u00B10.12kg\u3002\u4E24\u7EC4\u540420\u5934\u732A\uFF0C\u5355\u72EC\u9972\u5582\u5728\u4EE3\u8C22\u7B3C\u4E2D\uFF0C\u7ECF\u8FC711\u5929\u9002\u5E94\u671F\u540E\uFF0C\u8FDB\u884C\u8FDE\u7EED\u4E24\u671F\u3001\u6BCF\u671F5\u5929\u7684\u6C2E\u5E73\u8861\u8BD5\u9A8C\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u65E5\u7CAE\u5206\u4E3A\u4E24\u79CD\uFF0C\u4E00\u79CD\u4E3A\u6B63\u5E38\u6EE1\u8DB3\u86CB\u767D\u65E5\u7CAE\uFF0C\u53E6\u4E00\u79CD\u4E3A\u9650\u6C2E\u65E5\u7CAE\uFF08\u86CB\u767D\u4E3A\u6B63\u5E38\u65E5\u7CAE\u768470%\uFF09\uFF0C\u80FD\u91CF\u4E3A\u7EF4\u6301\u9700\u8981\u76842.8\u500D\u3002\u91C7\u96C6\u5C3F\u548C\u8840\u6D46\u6837\u54C1\u8FDB\u884C\u975E\u9776\u5411\u4EE3\u8C22\u7EC4\u5B66\u5206\u6790\u3002
\n \u6570\u636E\u663E\u793A\uFF0C\u9AD8\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u7EC4\u732A\u53EA\u7684\u86CB\u767D\u6C89\u79EF\u901F\u5EA6\uFF08g/d\uFF09\u663E\u8457\u9AD8\u4E8E\u4F4E\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u7EC4\uFF08P\uFF1C0.01\uFF09\uFF0C\u4F46\u662F\u5355\u4F4D\u4F53\u91CD\u86CB\u767D\u6C89\u79EF\u901F\u5EA6\uFF08g/kg\u4EE3\u8C22\u4F53\u91CD\u00B7\u5929\uFF09\u548C\u86CB\u767D\u5229\u7528\u6548\u7387\uFF08\u6C2E\u6C89\u79EF/\u6C2E\u6444\u5165\uFF09\u4E0D\u53D7\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u5F71\u54CD\u3002\u9AD8\u51FA\u751F\u91CD\u7EC4\u732A\u53EA\u8840\u6D46\u4E2D\u80F0\u5C9B\u7D20\u6C34\u5E73\uFF08P=0.08\uFF09\u548C\u80F0\u5C9B\u7D20\u6837\u751F\u957F\u56E0\u5B50\uFF08P=0.05\uFF09\u8F83\u9AD8\uFF0C\u800C\u03B1-\u6C28\u57FA\u6C2E\u6709\u964D\u4F4E\u7684\u8D8B\u52BF\uFF08P=0.06\uFF09\u3002\u4E0D\u80FD\u6839\u636E\u8840\u6D46\u548C\u5C3F\u6DB2\u4EE3\u8C22\u7EC4\u5B66\u5206\u6790\u7ED3\u679C\u533A\u5206\u4E0D\u540C\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u7EC4\u732A\u53EA\u3002\u9650\u5236\u65E5\u7CAE\u86CB\u767D\u4F9B\u5E94\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u6C2E\u6C89\u79EF\uFF08P\uFF1C0.001\uFF09\u3001\u6C2E\u6548\u7387\uFF08P=0.07\uFF09\u3001\u6C2E\u6D88\u5316\u7387\uFF08P\uFF1C0.001\uFF09\u548C\u8840\u6D46\u03B1-\u6C28\u57FA\u6C2E\u6C34\u5E73\uFF08P\uFF1C0.001\uFF09\u3002\u65E5\u7CAE\u5904\u7406\u5BF9\u8840\u6D46\u548C\u5C3F\u4E2D\u4EE3\u8C22\u7269\u4E2D\u5F71\u54CD\u6700\u591A\u7684\u662F\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\u53CA\u5176\u884D\u751F\u7269\u3001\u4E09\u7FA7\u9178\u5FAA\u73AF\u4EE3\u8C22\u7269\u3001\u8461\u8404\u7CD6\u919B\u9178\u5316\u7684\u5316\u5408\u7269\uFF0C\u5176\u4E2D\u7EDD\u5927\u90E8\u5206\u5728\u6B63\u5E38\u86CB\u767D\u7EC4\u732A\u53EA\u8F83\u9AD8\u3002
\n \u672C\u8BD5\u9A8C\u7ED3\u679C\u8868\u660E\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u5F71\u54CD\u65E5\u6C2E\u6C89\u79EF\uFF0C\u4F46\u662F\u5BF9\u751F\u957F\u732A\u86CB\u767D\u5229\u7528\u6548\u7387\u65E0\u5F71\u54CD\u3002\u56E0\u6B64\uFF0C\u5728\u7CBE\u51C6\u9972\u5582\u6A21\u5F0F\u4E0B\uFF0C\u4ED4\u732A\u51FA\u751F\u91CD\u5E94\u8BE5\u4F5C\u4E3A\u4E00\u4E2A\u86CB\u767D\u6C89\u79EF\u80FD\u529B\u7684\u5F71\u54CD\u56E0\u7D20\uFF0C\u800C\u4E0D\u662F\u86CB\u767D\u5229\u7528\u6548\u7387\u7684\u5F71\u54CD\u56E0\u7D20\u3002
\n
\nBirth weight affects body protein retention but not nitrogen efficiency in the later life of pigs
\n Exploring factors that might affect nitrogen (N) efficiency in pigs could support the development of precision feeding concepts. Therefore, an experiment was conducted to determine the effects of birth weight (BiW) on N retention, N efficiency, and concentrations of metabolites in plasma and urine related to N efficiency in male pigs of 14 wk of age. BiW of the low BiW (LBW) and high BiW (HBW) pigs was 1.11 \u00B1 0.14 and 1.79 \u00B1 0.12 kg, respectively. Twenty LBW and 20 HBW pigs were individually housed in metabolism cages and were subjected to an N balance study in two sequential periods of 5 d, after an 11-d adaptation period. Pigs were assigned to a protein adequate (A) or protein restricted (R, 70% of A) regime in a change-over design and fed restrictedly 2.8 times the energy requirements for maintenance. Nontargeted metabolomics analyses were performed in urine and blood plasma samples. The N retention in g/d was higher in the HBW than in the LBW pigs (P < 0.001). The N retention in g/(kg BW0.75\u00B7d) and N efficiency (= 100% \u00D7 N retention / N intake), however, were not affected by BiW of the pigs. Moreover, fecal digestibility of N and urinary concentration of N and urea were not affected by BiW of the pigs. The concentration of insulin (P = 0.08) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1;P = 0.05) in blood plasma was higher in HBW pigs, whereas the concentration of \u03B1-amino N tended to be lower in HBW pigs (P = 0.06). The LBW and HBW pigs could not be discriminated based on the plasma and urinary metabolites retrieved by nontargeted metabolomics. Restricting dietary protein supply decreased N retention (P < 0.001), N efficiency (P = 0.07), fecal N digestibility (P < 0.001), urinary concentration of N and urea (P < 0.001), and concentration of urea (P < 0.001), IGF-1 (P < 0.001), and \u03B1-amino N (P < 0.001) in blood plasma. The plasma and urinary metabolites differing between dietary protein regime were mostly amino acids (AA) or their derivatives, metabolites of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and glucuronidated compounds, almost all being higher in the pigs fed the A regime. This study shows that BiW affects absolute N retention but does not affect N efficiency in growing pigs. Therefore, in precision feeding concepts, BiW of pigs should be considered as a factor determining protein deposition capacity but less as a trait determining N efficiency.
\n
\n\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B
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\n
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Therefore, an experiment was conducted to determine the effects of birth weight (BiW) on N retention, N efficiency, and concentrations of metabolites in plasma and urine related to N efficiency in male pigs of 14 wk of age. BiW of the low BiW (LBW) and high BiW (HBW) pigs was 1.11 ± 0.14 and 1.79 ± 0.12 kg, respectively. Twenty LBW and 20 HBW pigs were individually housed in metabolism cages and were subjected to an N balance study in two sequential periods of 5 d, after an 11-d adaptation period. Pigs were assigned to a protein adequate (A) or protein restricted (R, 70% of A) regime in a change-over design and fed restrictedly 2.8 times the energy requirements for maintenance. Nontargeted metabolomics analyses were performed in urine and blood plasma samples. The N retention in g/d was higher in the HBW than in the LBW pigs (P < 0.001). The N retention in g/(kg BW0.75·d) and N efficiency (= 100% × N retention / N intake), however, were not affected by BiW of the pigs. Moreover, fecal digestibility of N and urinary concentration of N and urea were not affected by BiW of the pigs. The concentration of insulin (P = 0.08) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1;P = 0.05) in blood plasma was higher in HBW pigs, whereas the concentration of \u03B1-amino N tended to be lower in HBW pigs (P = 0.06). The LBW and HBW pigs could not be discriminated based on the plasma and urinary metabolites retrieved by nontargeted metabolomics. Restricting dietary protein supply decreased N retention (P < 0.001), N efficiency (P = 0.07), fecal N digestibility (P < 0.001), urinary concentration of N and urea (P < 0.001), and concentration of urea (P < 0.001), IGF-1 (P < 0.001), and \u03B1-amino N (P < 0.001) in blood plasma. The plasma and urinary metabolites differing between dietary protein regime were mostly amino acids (AA) or their derivatives, metabolites of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and glucuronidated compounds, almost all being higher in the pigs fed the A regime. This study shows that BiW affects absolute N retention but does not affect N efficiency in growing pigs. Therefore, in precision feeding concepts, BiW of pigs should be considered as a factor determining protein deposition capacity but less as a trait determining N efficiency.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"322","ClassID":"15","Title":"\u5B98\u65B9\u56DE\u5E94\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u6807\u51C6","SubTitle":"\u5B98\u65B9\u56DE\u5E94\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u6807\u51C6","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"\u5207\u5B9E\u63D0\u9AD8\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u6C34\u5E73\u2014\u2014\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u755C\u7267\u517D\u533B\u5C40\u3001\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u90E8\u571F\u58E4\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u53F8\u8D1F\u8D23\u540C\u5FD7\u89E3\u8BFB\u300A\u5173\u4E8E\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u660E\u786E\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u8981\u6C42 \u5F3A\u5316\u517B\u6B96\u6C61\u67D3\u76D1\u7BA1\u7684\u901A\u77E5\u300B
\n\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8
\n
\n\u8FD1\u65E5\uFF0C\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u529E\u516C\u5385\u3001\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u90E8\u529E\u516C\u5385\u8054\u5408\u5370\u53D1\u300A\u5173\u4E8E\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u660E\u786E\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u8981\u6C42\u5F3A\u5316\u517B\u6B96\u6C61\u67D3\u76D1\u7BA1\u7684\u901A\u77E5\u300B\uFF08\u4EE5\u4E0B\u7B80\u79F0\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\uFF09\u3002\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u755C\u7267\u517D\u533B\u5C40\u3001\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u90E8\u571F\u58E4\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u53F8\u8D1F\u8D23\u540C\u5FD7\u56F4\u7ED5\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u76F8\u5173\u95EE\u9898\u8FDB\u884C\u89E3\u8BFB\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u4E3A\u4EC0\u4E48\u8981\u51FA\u53F0\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u662F\u89E3\u51B3\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u6C61\u67D3\u95EE\u9898\u7684\u6839\u672C\u51FA\u8DEF\uFF0C\u4E5F\u662F\u6CBB\u672C\u4E4B\u7B56\u3002\u8FD1\u5E74\u6765\uFF0C\u5404\u5730\u5168\u9762\u843D\u5B9E\u300A\u56FD\u52A1\u9662\u529E\u516C\u5385\u5173\u4E8E\u52A0\u5FEB\u63A8\u8FDB\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u5E9F\u5F03\u7269\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u7684\u610F\u89C1\u300B\uFF0C\u4EE5\u519C\u7528\u6709\u673A\u80A5\u4E3A\u4E3B\u8981\u5229\u7528\u65B9\u5411\uFF0C\u5F3A\u5316\u653F\u7B56\u652F\u6301\u5F15\u5BFC\uFF0C\u52A0\u5F3A\u5B9E\u7528\u6280\u672F\u63A8\u5E7F\uFF0C\u63A8\u52A8\u5EFA\u7ACB\u5E02\u573A\u5316\u673A\u5236\uFF0C\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u53D6\u5F97\u4E86\u9636\u6BB5\u6027\u6210\u6548\u3002\u4F46\u662F\uFF0C\u6211\u56FD\u79CD\u517B\u4E3B\u4F53\u5206\u79BB\uFF0C\u79CD\u5730\u7684\u4E0D\u517B\u732A\uFF0C\u517B\u732A\u7684\u4E0D\u79CD\u5730\uFF0C\u79CD\u517B\u4E0D\u5339\u914D\u7684\u95EE\u9898\u666E\u904D\u5B58\u5728\uFF0C\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u201C\u6700\u540E\u4E00\u516C\u91CC\u201D\u8FD8\u6CA1\u6709\u5B8C\u5168\u6253\u901A\u3002
\n
\n2019\u5E7412\u6708\uFF0C\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u529E\u516C\u5385\u3001\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u90E8\u529E\u516C\u5385\u8054\u5408\u5370\u53D1\u4E86\u300A\u5173\u4E8E\u4FC3\u8FDB\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u52A0\u5F3A\u517B\u6B96\u6C61\u67D3\u6CBB\u7406\u7684\u6307\u5BFC\u610F\u89C1\u300B\uFF0C\u9F13\u52B1\u6307\u5BFC\u5404\u5730\u52A0\u5FEB\u63A8\u8FDB\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u7545\u901A\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u6E20\u9053\uFF0C\u52A0\u5FEB\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u6C61\u67D3\u9632\u6CBB\u4ECE\u91CD\u8FBE\u6807\u6392\u653E\u5411\u91CD\u5168\u91CF\u5229\u7528\u8F6C\u53D8\u3002\u4E3A\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u660E\u786E\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u9002\u7528\u6807\u51C6\uFF0C\u843D\u5B9E\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u6C61\u67D3\u9632\u6CBB\u4E3B\u4F53\u8D23\u4EFB\uFF0C\u5F3A\u5316\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u6C61\u67D3\u76D1\u7BA1\uFF0C\u5207\u5B9E\u63D0\u9AD8\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u6C34\u5E73\uFF0C\u5236\u5B9A\u4E86\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u51FA\u53F0\u7684\u603B\u4F53\u8003\u8651\u662F\u4EC0\u4E48\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u4E00\u662F\u515A\u4E2D\u592E\u3001\u56FD\u52A1\u9662\u5BF9\u755C\u79BD\u5E9F\u5F03\u7269\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u4F5C\u51FA\u660E\u786E\u90E8\u7F72\u3002\u8FD1\u5E74\u6765\uFF0C\u6211\u56FD\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u6301\u7EED\u7A33\u5B9A\u53D1\u5C55\uFF0C\u89C4\u6A21\u5316\u517B\u6B96\u6C34\u5E73\u9010\u5E74\u63D0\u9AD8\uFF0C\u4FDD\u969C\u4E86\u8089\u86CB\u5976\u7A33\u5B9A\u4F9B\u7ED9\uFF0C\u4F46\u90E8\u5206\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u6CA1\u6709\u5F97\u5230\u6709\u6548\u5904\u7406\u548C\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u6210\u4E3A\u519C\u6751\u73AF\u5883\u6CBB\u7406\u7684\u4E00\u5927\u96BE\u9898\u3002\u515A\u4E2D\u592E\u3001\u56FD\u52A1\u9662\u9AD8\u5EA6\u91CD\u89C6\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5DE5\u4F5C\u30022017\u5E745\u6708\uFF0C\u56FD\u52A1\u9662\u529E\u516C\u5385\u5370\u53D1\u300A\u5173\u4E8E\u52A0\u5FEB\u63A8\u8FDB\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u5E9F\u5F03\u7269\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u7684\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u3002\u4E3A\u6DF1\u5165\u8D2F\u5F7B\u843D\u5B9E\u515A\u4E2D\u592E\u3001\u56FD\u52A1\u9662\u51B3\u7B56\u90E8\u7F72\uFF0C\u4E9F\u9700\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u660E\u786E\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u8981\u6C42\uFF0C\u79D1\u5B66\u6709\u5E8F\u63A8\u8FDB\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5DE5\u4F5C\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E8C\u662F\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u89C4\u8303\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5DE5\u4F5C\u7684\u9700\u8981\u3002\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u662F\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u4E1A\u6C61\u67D3\u9632\u6CBB\u6700\u4E3A\u7ECF\u6D4E\u6709\u6548\u7684\u9014\u5F84\u3002\u76EE\u524D\uFF0C\u6211\u56FD\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u7EFC\u5408\u5229\u7528\u7387\u8FBE\u523075%\uFF0C\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u8BBE\u65BD\u88C5\u5907\u914D\u5957\u7387\u8FBE\u523093%\uFF0C\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u7684\u6B65\u4F10\u660E\u663E\u52A0\u5FEB\uFF0C\u6709\u529B\u4FC3\u8FDB\u4E86\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u751F\u4EA7\u4E0E\u73AF\u5883\u4FDD\u62A4\u534F\u8C03\u53D1\u5C55\u3002\u4F46\u7531\u4E8E\u7F3A\u4E4F\u7EDF\u4E00\u89C4\u8303\u8981\u6C42\uFF0C\u5404\u5730\u5728\u63A8\u8FDB\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u8FC7\u7A0B\u4E2D\u6267\u884C\u6807\u51C6\u4E0D\u4E00\uFF0C\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u4E0D\u5F53\u800C\u5BFC\u81F4\u73AF\u5883\u6C61\u67D3\u7684\u73B0\u8C61\u65F6\u6709\u53D1\u751F\u3002\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u660E\u786E\u4E86\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5E94\u9075\u5FAA\u7684\u6280\u672F\u89C4\u8303\u4E0E\u6807\u51C6\uFF0C\u4E3A\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u89C4\u8303\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u63D0\u4F9B\u5177\u4F53\u6307\u5BFC\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E09\u662F\u7545\u901A\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u6E20\u9053\u7684\u6709\u529B\u4FDD\u969C\u3002\u76EE\u524D\uFF0C\u6211\u56FD\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u6807\u51C6\u4E0D\u5B8C\u5584\uFF0C\u76D1\u7BA1\u4F53\u7CFB\u4E0D\u5065\u5168\uFF0C\u5B9E\u9645\u5DE5\u4F5C\u4E2D\u8FD8\u5B58\u5728\u4E00\u4E9B\u8BEF\u533A\u3002\u5728\u6267\u884C\u6807\u51C6\u65B9\u9762\uFF0C\u5C06\u6DB2\u4F53\u7CAA\u6C61\u4F5C\u4E3A\u80A5\u6599\u5229\u7528\u548C\u4F5C\u4E3A\u704C\u6E89\u6C34\u5229\u7528\u6DF7\u4E3A\u4E00\u8C08\uFF0C\u5E38\u5E38\u8981\u6C42\u6DB2\u4F53\u7CAA\u6C61\u5FC5\u987B\u8FBE\u5230\u300A\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u6C34\u8D28\u6807\u51C6\u300B\u540E\u624D\u80FD\u519C\u7530\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u6781\u5927\u5730\u963B\u788D\u4E86\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u3002\u7531\u4E8E\u5BF9\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u7F3A\u4E4F\u660E\u786E\u7684\u76D1\u7BA1\u6267\u6CD5\u4F9D\u636E\uFF0C\u5730\u65B9\u7BA1\u7406\u90E8\u95E8\u66F4\u52A0\u503E\u5411\u9009\u62E9\u6613\u4E8E\u76D1\u7BA1\u7684\u6CBB\u7406\u65B9\u5F0F\uFF0C\u4E5F\u4E0D\u5229\u4E8E\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5DE5\u4F5C\u7684\u5F00\u5C55\u3002\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u660E\u786E\u4E86\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5E94\u6267\u884C\u7684\u6807\u51C6\u4EE5\u53CA\u5C06\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u548C\u7CAA\u80A5\u5229\u7528\u53F0\u8D26\u4F5C\u4E3A\u76D1\u7763\u6267\u6CD5\u7684\u91CD\u8981\u4F9D\u636E\uFF0C\u4E3A\u7545\u901A\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u6E20\u9053\uFF0C\u540C\u65F6\u9632\u8303\u73AF\u5883\u98CE\u9669\u63D0\u4F9B\u4E86\u6709\u529B\u4FDD\u969C\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u7684\u4E3B\u8981\u5185\u5BB9\u6709\u54EA\u4E9B\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u660E\u786E\uFF0C\u56FD\u5BB6\u9F13\u52B1\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u652F\u6301\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5EFA\u8BBE\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u548C\u5229\u7528\u8BBE\u65BD\u3002\u5DF2\u83B7\u5F97\u73AF\u8BC4\u6279\u590D\u7684\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u5982\u9700\u7531\u8FBE\u6807\u6392\u653E\uFF08\u542B\u6309\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u6C34\u6807\u51C6\u6392\u653E\uFF09\u53D8\u66F4\u4E3A\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\uFF08\u4E0D\u542B\u5546\u4E1A\u5316\u6CBC\u6C14\u5DE5\u7A0B\u548C\u5546\u54C1\u6709\u673A\u80A5\u751F\u4EA7\uFF09\uFF0C\u5982\u5728\u9879\u76EE\u7AE3\u5DE5\u73AF\u4FDD\u9A8C\u6536\u524D\u53D8\u66F4\uFF0C\u6309\u7167\u975E\u91CD\u5927\u53D8\u52A8\u7EB3\u5165\u7AE3\u5DE5\u73AF\u5883\u4FDD\u62A4\u9A8C\u6536\u7BA1\u7406\uFF1B\u5728\u7AE3\u5DE5\u73AF\u4FDD\u9A8C\u6536\u540E\u53D8\u66F4\u7684\uFF0C\u6309\u7167\u6539\u5EFA\u9879\u76EE\u4F9D\u6CD5\u5F00\u5C55\u73AF\u8BC4\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u8981\u6C42\uFF0C\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u7684\u5904\u7406\u5E94\u6839\u636E\u6392\u653E\u53BB\u5411\u6216\u5229\u7528\u65B9\u5F0F\u7684\u4E0D\u540C\u6267\u884C\u76F8\u5E94\u7684\u6807\u51C6\u89C4\u8303\u3002\u4F5C\u4E3A\u80A5\u6599\u5229\u7528\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u6280\u672F\u89C4\u8303\u300B\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u8FD8\u7530\u6280\u672F\u89C4\u8303\u300B\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u571F\u5730\u627F\u8F7D\u529B\u6D4B\u7B97\u6280\u672F\u6307\u5357\u300B\u3002\u5411\u73AF\u5883\u6392\u653E\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u4E1A\u6C61\u67D3\u7269\u6392\u653E\u6807\u51C6\u300B\u548C\u5730\u65B9\u6709\u5173\u6392\u653E\u6807\u51C6\u3002\u7528\u4E8E\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u6C34\u8D28\u6807\u51C6\u300B\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u5F3A\u8C03\uFF0C\u5404\u5730\u8981\u7763\u4FC3\u6307\u5BFC\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u5236\u5B9A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u8BA1\u5212\uFF0C\u63A8\u52A8\u5EFA\u7ACB\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u548C\u7CAA\u80A5\u5229\u7528\u53F0\u8D26\u3002\u52A0\u5F3A\u65E5\u5E38\u76D1\u6D4B\uFF0C\u4E25\u9632\u8FD8\u7530\u73AF\u5883\u98CE\u9669\u3002\u52A0\u5FEB\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5148\u8FDB\u6280\u672F\u548C\u88C5\u5907\u7814\u53D1\uFF0C\u79EF\u6781\u63A8\u5E7F\u5168\u91CF\u6536\u96C6\u5229\u7528\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u3001\u5168\u91CF\u673A\u68B0\u5316\u65BD\u7528\u7B49\u7ECF\u6D4E\u9AD8\u6548\u7684\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u6280\u672F\u6A21\u5F0F\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u5C06\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u65B9\u5F0F\u7531\u8FBE\u6807\u6392\u653E\u53D8\u66F4\u4E3A\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5E94\u6267\u884C\u7684\u5177\u4F53\u73AF\u8BC4\u7A0B\u5E8F\u6709\u54EA\u4E9B\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u517B\u6B96\u9879\u76EE\u7684\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u65B9\u5F0F\u53D8\u66F4\uFF0C\u5728\u73AF\u8BC4\u7BA1\u7406\u4E2D\u5C5E\u4E8E\u6C61\u67D3\u9632\u6CBB\u63AA\u65BD\u7684\u53D8\u5316\uFF0C\u6839\u636E\u300A\u73AF\u5883\u5F71\u54CD\u8BC4\u4EF7\u6CD5\u300B\u89C4\u5B9A\uFF0C\u8FD9\u79CD\u53D8\u5316\u5C5E\u4E8E\u91CD\u5927\u53D8\u52A8\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u91CD\u65B0\u62A5\u6279\u73AF\u8BC4\u30022015\u5E746\u6708\uFF0C\u539F\u73AF\u5883\u4FDD\u62A4\u90E8\u51FA\u53F0\u4E86\u300A\u5173\u4E8E\u5370\u53D1\u73AF\u8BC4\u7BA1\u7406\u4E2D\u90E8\u5206\u884C\u4E1A\u5EFA\u8BBE\u9879\u76EE\u91CD\u5927\u53D8\u52A8\u6E05\u5355\u7684\u901A\u77E5\u300B\uFF0C\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u7EC6\u5316\u4E86\u5BF9\u91CD\u5927\u53D8\u52A8\u7684\u754C\u5B9A\u539F\u5219\uFF0C\u5E76\u660E\u786E\u4E0D\u5C5E\u4E8E\u91CD\u5927\u53D8\u52A8\u7684\u7EB3\u5165\u7AE3\u5DE5\u73AF\u5883\u4FDD\u62A4\u9A8C\u6536\u7BA1\u7406\u3002\u517B\u6B96\u9879\u76EE\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u65B9\u5F0F\u7531\u5904\u7406\u8FBE\u6807\u6392\u653E\u6216\u704C\u6E89\u53D8\u66F4\u4E3A\u8FD8\u7530\u3001\u975E\u5546\u4E1A\u5316\u7684\u6CBC\u6C14\u548C\u6709\u673A\u80A5\u5236\u9020\u7B49\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u5747\u6709\u76F8\u5173\u7BA1\u7406\u89C4\u5B9A\uFF0C\u603B\u4F53\u73AF\u5883\u5F71\u54CD\u6709\u9650\uFF0C\u7EDF\u7B79\u8003\u8651\u5E94\u6309\u7167\u975E\u91CD\u5927\u53D8\u52A8\u7BA1\u7406\uFF0C\u7EB3\u5165\u7AE3\u5DE5\u73AF\u5883\u4FDD\u62A4\u9A8C\u6536\u7BA1\u7406\u3002\u4F46\u662F\uFF0C\u53D8\u66F4\u4E3A\u5927\u89C4\u6A21\u7684\u5546\u4E1A\u5316\u6CBC\u6C14\u5DE5\u7A0B\u548C\u5546\u54C1\u6709\u673A\u80A5\u751F\u4EA7\uFF0C\u5C06\u53EF\u80FD\u4EA7\u751F\u8F83\u5927\u7684\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u5E94\u6309\u7167\u76F8\u5E94\u9879\u76EE\u7C7B\u578B\u4F9D\u6CD5\u5F00\u5C55\u73AF\u5883\u5F71\u54CD\u8BC4\u4EF7\uFF0C\u62A5\u6709\u5BA1\u6279\u6743\u7684\u90E8\u95E8\u5BA1\u6279\u3002\u540C\u65F6\uFF0C\u9879\u76EE\u9A8C\u6536\u540E\uFF0C\u517B\u6B96\u9879\u76EE\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u65B9\u5F0F\u53D1\u751F\u53D8\u66F4\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u5F53\u89C6\u4E3A\u65B0\u7684\u6539\u5EFA\u9879\u76EE\uFF0C\u6309\u7167\u6539\u5EFA\u9879\u76EE\u7684\u5206\u7C7B\u4F9D\u6CD5\u5F00\u5C55\u73AF\u5883\u5F71\u54CD\u8BC4\u4EF7\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5C06\u6DB2\u4F53\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u7ECF\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u540E\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u5E94\u6EE1\u8DB3\u54EA\u4E9B\u6807\u51C6\u53CA\u5177\u4F53\u8981\u6C42\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u4E00\u662F\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u6280\u672F\u89C4\u8303\u300B\u3002\u4E3A\u786E\u4FDD\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u540E\u4F5C\u4E3A\u7CAA\u80A5\u5B89\u5168\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u8981\u6C42\u6DB2\u4F53\u7CAA\u80A5\u7684\u86D4\u866B\u5375\u3001\u94A9\u866B\u5375\u3001\u7CAA\u5927\u80A0\u83CC\u7FA4\u6570\u3001\u868A\u5B50\u82CD\u8747\u56DB\u9879\u536B\u751F\u5B66\u6307\u6807\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u6280\u672F\u89C4\u8303\u300B\u89C4\u5B9A\u7684\u6DB2\u4F53\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u538C\u6C27\u5904\u7406\u536B\u751F\u5B66\u8981\u6C42\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E8C\u662F\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u540E\u4F5C\u4E3A\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u53EF\u53C2\u8003\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u8FD8\u7530\u6280\u672F\u89C4\u8303\u300B\u7684\u65BD\u7528\u65B9\u6CD5\uFF0C\u9009\u62E9\u9002\u5B9C\u7684\u65BD\u7528\u65F6\u95F4\u3002\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u548C\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u65BD\u7528\u8FC7\u7A0B\u4E2D\uFF0C\u5E94\u91C7\u53D6\u5FC5\u8981\u63AA\u65BD\uFF0C\u51CF\u5C11\u517B\u5206\u635F\u5931\uFF0C\u51CF\u8F7B\u73AF\u5883\u5F71\u54CD\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E09\u662F\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u914D\u5957\u571F\u5730\u9762\u79EF\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u571F\u5730\u627F\u8F7D\u529B\u6D4B\u7B97\u6280\u672F\u6307\u5357\u300B\u8981\u6C42\u7684\u9762\u79EF\u3002\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5E94\u6839\u636E\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u6240\u65BD\u519C\u7530\u7684\u571F\u58E4\u72B6\u51B5\u3001\u519C\u6797\u4F5C\u7269\u7C7B\u578B\u3001\u79CD\u690D\u5236\u5EA6\u7B49\u9002\u65F6\u9002\u91CF\u8FDB\u884C\u7CAA\u80A5\u65BD\u7528\uFF0C\u5408\u7406\u786E\u5B9A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u65BD\u7528\u91CF\uFF0C\u4E0D\u80FD\u8FC7\u91CF\u65BD\u7528\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5C06\u6DB2\u4F53\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5411\u73AF\u5883\u6392\u653E\u6216\u4F5C\u4E3A\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u7528\u6C34\u5E94\u6EE1\u8DB3\u54EA\u4E9B\u6807\u51C6\u53CA\u5177\u4F53\u8981\u6C42\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u7CAA\u6C61\u7ECF\u5904\u7406\u540E\u5411\u73AF\u5883\u6392\u653E\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u4E1A\u6C61\u67D3\u7269\u6392\u653E\u6807\u51C6\u300B\u548C\u5730\u65B9\u6709\u5173\u6392\u653E\u6807\u51C6\u3002\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5E94\u6839\u636E\u4E0D\u540C\u5DE5\u827A\u6EE1\u8DB3\u76F8\u5E94\u7684\u6700\u9AD8\u5141\u8BB8\u6392\u6C34\u91CF\u53CA\u6700\u9AD8\u5141\u8BB8\u65E5\u5747\u6392\u653E\u6D53\u5EA6\u8981\u6C42\u3002\u5FC5\u987B\u8BBE\u7F6E\u5E9F\u6E23\u7684\u56FA\u4F53\u50A8\u5B58\u8BBE\u65BD\u548C\u573A\u6240\uFF0C\u4E14\u8981\u6709\u9632\u6B62\u7CAA\u6DB2\u6E17\u6F0F\u3001\u6EA2\u6D41\u63AA\u65BD\u3002\u7528\u4E8E\u76F4\u63A5\u8FD8\u7530\u7684\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\uFF0C\u5FC5\u987B\u8FDB\u884C\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\uFF0C\u4E14\u7B26\u5408\u76F8\u5E94\u536B\u751F\u5B66\u6307\u6807\u3002\u6076\u81ED\u6C61\u67D3\u7269\u6392\u653E\u5E94\u6267\u884C\u81ED\u6C14\u6D53\u5EA6\u6807\u51C6\u3002\u7528\u4E8E\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u6C34\u8D28\u6807\u51C6\u300B\u548C\u5730\u65B9\u5236\u5B9A\u7684\u4E25\u4E8E\u8BE5\u6807\u51C6\u7684\u76F8\u5173\u63A7\u5236\u9879\u76EE\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u4F5C\u4E3A\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5E94\u627F\u62C5\u54EA\u4E9B\u8D23\u4EFB\uFF1F
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u4E00\u662F\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5E94\u5207\u5B9E\u5C65\u884C\u7CAA\u6C61\u6536\u96C6\u5904\u7406\u5229\u7528\u548C\u6C61\u67D3\u9632\u6CBB\u4E3B\u4F53\u8D23\u4EFB\uFF0C\u91C7\u53D6\u63AA\u65BD\uFF0C\u5BF9\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FDB\u884C\u79D1\u5B66\u5904\u7406\u548C\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u9632\u6B62\u6C61\u67D3\u73AF\u5883\u3002\u5BF9\u4E8E\u81EA\u884C\u5904\u7406\u5229\u7528\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u5EFA\u8BBE\u4E0E\u517B\u6B96\u89C4\u6A21\u5339\u914D\u7684\u7CAA\u6C61\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u8BBE\u65BD\u5E76\u786E\u4FDD\u5176\u6B63\u5E38\u8FD0\u884C\uFF1B\u5BF9\u4E8E\u59D4\u6258\u7B2C\u4E09\u65B9\u4EE3\u4E3A\u5B9E\u73B0\u7CAA\u6C61\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u548C\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u914D\u5957\u7CAA\u6C61\u6536\u96C6\u548C\u6682\u5B58\u8BBE\u65BD\u8BBE\u5907\uFF0C\u786E\u4FDD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5728\u7B2C\u4E09\u65B9\u6536\u96C6\u671F\u95F4\u7684\u5B58\u50A8\u5BB9\u79EF\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E8C\u662F\u755C\u79BD\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u5E94\u5EFA\u8BBE\u7CAA\u6C61\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u548C\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u8BBE\u65BD\u5E76\u786E\u4FDD\u5176\u6B63\u5E38\u8FD0\u884C\u3002\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D2E\u5B58\u8BBE\u65BD\u603B\u5BB9\u79EF\u4E0D\u5F97\u4F4E\u4E8E\u5F53\u5730\u519C\u6797\u4F5C\u7269\u751F\u4EA7\u7528\u80A5\u7684\u6700\u5927\u95F4\u9694\u65F6\u95F4\u5185\u4EA7\u751F\u7CAA\u6C61\u7684\u603B\u91CF\uFF0C\u914D\u5957\u571F\u5730\u9762\u79EF\u4E0D\u5F97\u5C0F\u4E8E\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u571F\u5730\u627F\u8F7D\u529B\u6D4B\u7B97\u6280\u672F\u6307\u5357\u300B\u8981\u6C42\u7684\u6700\u5C0F\u9762\u79EF\uFF1B\u5BF9\u4E8E\u914D\u5957\u571F\u5730\u9762\u79EF\u4E0D\u8DB3\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u59D4\u6258\u7B2C\u4E09\u65B9\u4EE3\u4E3A\u5B9E\u73B0\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\uFF0C\u6216\u8FDB\u884C\u6C61\u6C34\u6DF1\u5EA6\u5904\u7406\u540E\u8FBE\u6807\u6392\u653E\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E09\u662F\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u5E94\u5236\u5B9A\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u8BA1\u5212\u5E76\u5EFA\u7ACB\u53F0\u8D26\u3002
\n\u5E94\u63D0\u524D\u786E\u5B9A\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u8BA1\u5212\uFF0C\u6839\u636E\u517B\u6B96\u89C4\u6A21\u660E\u786E\u914D\u5957\u519C\u7530\u9762\u79EF\u3001\u519C\u7530\u7C7B\u578B\u3001\u79CD\u690D\u5236\u5EA6\u3001\u7CAA\u80A5\u65BD\u7528\u65F6\u95F4\u53CA\u4F7F\u7528\u91CF\u7B49\u3002\u540C\u65F6\u9700\u5EFA\u7ACB\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u548C\u7CAA\u80A5\u5229\u7528\u53F0\u8D26\uFF0C\u53CA\u65F6\u8BB0\u5F55\u7CAA\u6C61\u65E5\u5904\u7406\u91CF\u548C\u7CAA\u80A5\u65BD\u7528\u65F6\u95F4\u3001\u65BD\u7528\u91CF\u4E0E\u65BD\u80A5\u65B9\u5F0F\u7B49\uFF0C\u786E\u4FDD\u53F0\u8D26\u6570\u636E\u771F\u5B9E\u51C6\u786E\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u5404\u7EA7\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u3001\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u90E8\u95E8\u5E94\u627F\u62C5\u54EA\u4E9B\u8D23\u4EFB\uFF0C\u91C7\u53D6\u54EA\u4E9B\u4FDD\u969C\u548C\u652F\u6491\u63AA\u65BD\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u4E00\u662F\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u95E8\u5E94\u52A0\u5F3A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u6280\u672F\u6307\u5BFC\u548C\u670D\u52A1\uFF0C\u6307\u5BFC\u5EFA\u8BBE\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u914D\u5957\u8BBE\u65BD\u7B49\u3002\u9F13\u52B1\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5168\u91CF\u6536\u96C6\u548C\u5229\u7528\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\uFF0C\u6839\u636E\u5B9E\u9645\u60C5\u51B5\u9009\u62E9\u5408\u7406\u7684\u8F93\u9001\u548C\u65BD\u7528\u65B9\u5F0F\u3002\u56E0\u5730\u5236\u5B9C\uFF0C\u63A8\u884C\u7ECF\u6D4E\u9AD8\u6548\u7684\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u6280\u672F\u6A21\u5F0F\uFF0C\u63A8\u5E7F\u5168\u91CF\u673A\u68B0\u5316\u65BD\u7528\u3002
\n
\n\u4E8C\u662F\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u95E8\u5E94\u52A0\u5F3A\u6280\u672F\u548C\u88C5\u5907\u652F\u6491\uFF0C\u5305\u62EC\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5168\u91CF\u6536\u96C6\u6280\u672F\u4E0E\u88C5\u5907\uFF0C\u7CAA\u6C61\u9AD8\u6548\u8F93\u9001\u3001\u65BD\u7528\u6280\u672F\u4E0E\u88C5\u5907\u7684\u7814\u53D1\u53CA\u63A8\u5E7F\uFF0C\u7740\u529B\u7834\u9664\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u8FC7\u7A0B\u4E2D\u7684\u6280\u672F\u548C\u6210\u672C\u969C\u788D\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
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\n\u8F7B\u75C7\u8005\uFF0C\u53D1\u75C5\u521D\u671F\u4E0D\u98DF\u3001\u5E38\u6709\u5455\u5410\u73B0\u8C61\uFF0C\u6392\u4FBF\u9ED1\u3001\u5916\u89C2\u50CF\u725B\u7CAA\uFF0C\u5185\u89C2\u6697\u7EA2\u8272\uFF0C\u4E25\u91CD\u8005\u8F6C\u4E3A\u9171\u8272\u3002\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E2A\u522B\u809B\u95E8\u6392\u51FA\u957F\u7EA6\u4E00\u5C3A\u591A\u957F\u7684\u7ED2\u6BDB\u819C\u574F\u6B7B\u7269\uFF0C\u6392\u8840\u6BD4\u8F83\u4E25\u91CD\uFF0C\u8179\u90E8\u4E5F\u4F1A\u9010\u6E10\u589E\u5927\uFF0C\u53E3\u89D2\u5F20\u5F00\uFF0C\u6D41\u6D8E\u6216\u8005\u6CE1\u6CAB\uFF0C\u4E14\u7CBE\u795E\u4F4E\u6C89\u4E0D\u5B89\uFF0C\u4F53\u6E29\u7A0D\u9AD8\u6216\u6B63\u5E38\uFF0C\u76AE\u80A4\u9010\u6E10\u53D8\u767D\u3002
\n\u5982\u4E0D\u53CA\u65F6\u6551\u6CBB\uFF0C\u8868\u73B0\u547C\u5438\u56F0\u96BE\uFF0C\u5171\u6D4E\u5931\u8C03\u3001\u72C2\u8E81\uFF0C\u8179\u90E8\u6781\u5EA6\u81A8\u80C0\u5927\uFF0C\u76AE\u80A4\u53D1\u7EC0\u540E\u8870\u7AED\u6B7B\u4EA1\uFF0C\u6B7B\u540E\u76AE\u80A4\u82CD\u767D\uFF0C\u53E3\u9F3B\u6D41\u8840\u6C34\u6837\u6CE1\u6CAB\u3002\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n\u80A0\u626D\u8F6C\u5256\u68C0\u53D8\u5316\uFF1A
\n\u53EF\u89C1\u80C3\u80A0\u9053\u5145\u6C14\uFF0C\u80C3\u626D\u8F6C\u6216\u6269\u5F20\uFF0C\u80C3\u7C98\u819C\u5448\u8F83\u4E25\u91CD\u7684\u51FA\u8840\u6027\u708E\u75C7\uFF0C\u90E8\u5206\u75C5\u4F8B\u53EF\u89C1\u80C3\u6E83\u75A1;
\n\u80A0\u7CFB\u819C\u5145\u8840\uFF0C\u5C0F\u80A0\u89C1\u6709\u8F7B\u91CD\u4E0D\u4E00\u7684\u5361\u4ED6\u6027\u708E\u75C7;
\n\u5FC3\u3001\u809D\u3001\u80BA\u3001\u80BE\u53CA\u6DCB\u5DF4\u7ED3\u7B49\u810F\u5668\u57FA\u672C\u6B63\u5E38;
\n\u813E\u79FB\u4F4D\u3001\u80BF\u5927\u51E0\u500D\u3002
\n\u80C3\u626D\u8F6C\u662F\u8BE5\u75C5\u7684\u4E00\u4E2A\u7279\u5F81\u6027\u75C5\u53D8\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n
\n\u4E09\u3001\u6BCD\u732A\u80C0\u6C14\u7684\u6CBB\u7597\u65B9\u6CD5\u3000
\n1\u3001\u6D88\u5316\u4E0D\u826F\u5F15\u8D77\u7684\u80C0\u6C14\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n(1)\u9972\u6599\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0\u4EBA\u5DE5\u76D0\u3001\u9175\u6BCD\u7247\u3001\u5C0F\u82CF\u6253\u6216\u6DFB\u52A0\u4E00\u4E9B\u5FAE\u751F\u6001\u5236\u5242\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n(2)\u808C\u6CE8\u6C2F\u5316\u6C28\u7532\u9170\u7532\u80C6\u78B1\uFF0C\u8C03\u7406\u80C3\u80A0\u9053\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n(3)\u4ECE\u7BA1\u7406\u4E0A\u5C31\u9700\u8981\u589E\u52A0\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u8FD0\u52A8\uFF0C\u589E\u52A0\u996E\u6C34\u7B49\u63AA\u65BD\u3002\u3000
\n2\u3001\u4EA7\u6C14\u835A\u819C\u68AD\u83CC\u5BFC\u81F4\u7684\u80C0\u6C14\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n\u539F\u5219\uFF1A\u653E\u6C14\uFF0C\u6D88\u6CAB\u6B62\u9175\uFF0C\u901A\u80A0\u5229\u4FBF\uFF0C\u5F3A\u5FC3\u8865\u6DB2\u3002\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n(1)\u53E3\u670D\u4E8C\u7532\u7845\u6CB9\u7247\uFF0C\u6BCF\u6B2150\uFF5E75mg\uFF0C\u4E00\u65E53\u6B21\uFF0C\u7528\u4E8E\u6D88\u9664\u80C3\u80A0\u9053\u4E2D\u7684\u6CE1\u6CAB\uFF0C\u540C\u65F6\u4E5F\u53EF\u670D\u7528\u533B\u7528\u70AD\u7247\u589E\u5F3A\u6392\u6C14\u7684\u901F\u5EA6\uFF0C\u4EE5\u8FBE\u5230\u89E3\u8868\u7684\u76EE\u7684\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n(2)\u53D1\u75C5\u732A\u808C\u8089\u6CE8\u5C04\u5934\u5B62\u567B\u544B\u94A030mg/kg\uFF0C\u540C\u65F6\u808C\u6CE8\u7EF4\u751F\u7D20C10ml+\u7EF4\u751F\u7D20 B10ml\uFF0C\u6BCF\u59292\u6B21\u3002
\n(3)\u672A\u53D1\u75C5\u7FA4\u752870%\u963F\u83AB\u897F\u6797400g\u300110%\u5F3A\u529B\u9709\u7D202000g\u3001\u7535\u89E3\u591A\u7EF4500g\u3001\u8461\u8404\u7CD6\u7C892000g\u62CC\u65991t\uFF0C\u8FDE\u55827\u5929\u3002\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n3\u3001\u80A0\u626D\u8F6C\u5BFC\u81F4\u7684\u80C0\u6C14\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n(1)\u5BF9\u4ED4\u732A\u5E94\u52A0\u5F3A\u9972\u517B\u7BA1\u7406\uFF0C\u4E0D\u5582\u7ED9\u6709\u523A\u6FC0\u6027\u9972\u6599\uFF0C\u8F7B\u5EA6\u7684\u80A0\u5957\u53E0\u53EF\u80FD\u81EA\u884C\u6062\u590D;\u4E25\u91CD\u7684\u80A0\u5957\u53E0\u5E38\u5728\u6570\u5C0F\u65F6\u5185\u6B7B\u4EA1\u3002
\n(2)\u6162\u6027\u7684\u5E38\u4F34\u53D1\u80A0\u58C1\u574F\u6B7B\uFF0C\u9884\u540E\u4E0D\u826F\uFF0C\u65E9\u671F\u786E\u8BCA\u540E\u65BD\u884C\u624B\u672F\u6574\u590D\u6709\u6CBB\u6108\u5E0C\u671B\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n

\n\u56DB\u3001\u6BCD\u732A\u80C0\u6C14\u7684\u9884\u9632\u63AA\u65BD
\n1\u3001\u6000\u5B55\u53CA\u54FA\u4E73\u6BCD\u732A\u8981\u4E25\u683C\u5206\u65F6\u6BB5\u3001\u5206\u9910\u3001\u5B9A\u91CF\u9972\u5582\uFF0C\u9632\u6B62\u5403\u5F97\u8FC7\u9971\u5F15\u8D77\u6D88\u5316\u4E0D\u826F\u3002
\n2\u3001\u732A\u820D\u8981\u505A\u597D\u6E05\u6D01\u536B\u751F\u53CA\u9972\u6599\u5B58\u50A8\u5DE5\u4F5C\uFF0C\u9632\u6B62\u9709\u53D8\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n3\u3001\u9002\u5F53\u63D0\u9AD8\u51AC\u5B63\u598A\u5A20\u820D\u7684\u6E29\u5EA6\uFF0C\u5C3D\u91CF\u907F\u514D\u996E\u6C34\u3001\u9972\u6599\u9709\u53D8\u5BF9\u6BCD\u732A\u80C3\u80A0\u9053\u7684\u523A\u6FC0\uFF0C\u4ECE\u800C\u907F\u514D\u80C3\u80A0\u80C0\u6C14\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n4\u3001\u52A0\u5F3A\u8FD0\u52A8\uFF0C\u591A\u9972\u5582\u9752\u7EFF\u9972\u6599\uFF0C\u4FC3\u8FDB\u80C3\u80A0\u8815\u52A8\uFF0C\u51CF\u5C11\u538C\u6C27\u83CC\u6ECB\u751F\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n5\u3001\u6DFB\u52A0\u7EF4\u751F\u7D20\u548C\u76CA\u751F\u83CC\uFF0C\u63D0\u9AD8\u80C3\u80A0\u6D88\u5316\u80FD\u529B\u548C\u6297\u5E94\u6FC0\u80FD\u529B\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n6\u3001\u51AC\u6625\u5B63\u8282\u6216\u8005\u6C14\u6E29\u9891\u7E41\u53D8\u5316\u65F6\uFF0C\u5728\u732A\u7684\u9972\u6599\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0\u7532\u785D\u5511\uFF0C1000-2500g/\u5428\uFF0C\u8FDE\u55827\u5929;\u963F\u83AB\u897F\u6797+\u5F3A\u529B\u9709\u7D20\u5B63\u8282\u6027\u9884\u9632\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n\u4EE5\u4E0A\u5C31\u662F\u6BCD\u732A\u80C0\u6C14\u7684\u539F\u56E0\u4EE5\u53CA\u9884\u9632\u65B9\u6CD5\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5728\u517B\u732A\u8FC7\u7A0B\u4E2D\u4E00\u5B9A\u8981\u5408\u7406\u642D\u914D\u9972\u6599\uFF0C\u4E3A\u5176\u63D0\u4F9B\u5E72\u51C0\u5145\u8DB3\u7684\u996E\u6C34\uFF0C\u9002\u5F53\u7684\u589E\u5F3A\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u8FD0\u52A8\uFF0C\u53EF\u4EE5\u5728\u9972\u6599\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0\u4E00\u4E9B\u7EF4\u751F\u7D20\u548C\u76CA\u751F\u83CC\uFF0C\u7EF4\u62A4\u6BCD\u732A\u6D88\u5316\u7CFB\u7EDF\u7684\u5065\u5EB7\u3002
\n
\n\u3010\u8F6C\u8F7D\u81EA\u3011\uFF1A\u732A\u4E1A\u89C6\u89D2/\u732A\u732A\u767E\u79D1
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\n\u9009\u62E9560\u53EA\u5C0F\u516C\u9E21\u968F\u673A\u5206\u4E3A4\u7EC4\uFF1A2\u4E2A\u9972\u517B\u5BC6\u5EA6\uFF089\u548C12\u53EA/m2\uFF09\u548C2\u4E2A\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u8865\u5145\u91CF\uFF08\u751F\u957F\u671F\uFF1A2.90\u62163.77 g/kg\u548C\u80B2\u6210\u671F\uFF1A2.60\u62163.38 g/kg\uFF09\u3002\u6BCF\u5468\u8BB0\u5F55\u751F\u957F\u60C5\u51B5\u3002\u5728\u6BCF\u4E2A\u5468\u671F\u7ED3\u675F\u65F6\u91C7\u96C6\u8840\u6DB2\u548C\u7EC4\u7EC7\u6837\u672C\u3002
\n
\n\u7ED3\u679C\u8868\u660E\uFF0C\u5728\u751F\u957F\u548C\u80B2\u6210\u671F\uFF0C\u9AD8\u5BC6\u5EA6\u9972\u517B\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u9E21\u53EA\u7684\u4F53\u91CD\u548C\u751F\u957F\u6027\u80FD\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\uFF1B\u800C\u989D\u5916\u8865\u5145\u7684\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u90E8\u5206\u7684\u51CF\u5F31\u4E86\u8FD9\u4E9B\u5DEE\u5F02\u3002\u5728\u4E24\u4E2A\u5E74\u9F84\u6BB5\u4E2D\uFF0C\u9AD8\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u7EC4\u9E21\u53EA\u5927\u817F\u7684\u8C37\u80F1\u7518\u80BD\u6D53\u5EA6\u63D0\u9AD8\uFF08> 24%\uFF0CP < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u5728\u751F\u957F\u671F\uFF0C\u9AD8\u5BC6\u5EA6\u9972\u517B\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u9E21\u53EA\u8840\u6D46\u3001\u80F8\u90E8\u548C\u5927\u817F\u7684\u8C37\u80F1\u7518\u80BD\u6D53\u5EA6\uFF08> 28%\uFF0CP < 0.05\uFF09\uFF1B\u4F46\u662F\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u751F\u957F\u671F\u809D\u810F\u548C\u80B2\u6210\u671F\u5927\u817F\u4E2D\u7684\u8C37\u80F1\u7518\u80BD\u6C34\u5E73\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u5728\u9E21\u53EA\u751F\u957F\u671F\u809D\u810F\u548C\u80B2\u6210\u671F\u80F8\u90E8\u3001\u5927\u817F\u548C\u8102\u80AA\u7EC4\u7EC7\u4E2D\u7684\u6297\u6C27\u5316\u9176\u8C37\u80F1\u7518\u80BDS-\u8F6C\u79FB\u9176\u6D3B\u6027\u65B9\u9762\uFF0C\u65E5\u7CAE\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u548C\u9972\u517B\u5BC6\u5EA6\u4E4B\u95F4\u5B58\u5728\u4E92\u4F5C\u6548\u5E94\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u5728\u80B2\u6210\u671F\u9E21\u53EA\u5927\u817F\u7684\u8C37\u80F1\u7518\u80BD\u8FC7\u6C27\u5316\u7269\u9176\u548C\u8D85\u6C27\u5316\u7269\u6B67\u5316\u9176\u6D3B\u6027\u65B9\u9762\u4E5F\u53D1\u73B0\u4E86\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u548C\u9972\u517B\u5BC6\u5EA6\u7684\u4E92\u4F5C\u6548\u5E94\u3002\u5728\u80B2\u6210\u671F\uFF0C\u989D\u5916\u8865\u5145\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u70ED\u4F11\u514B\u86CB\u767D90\uFF0818%\uFF09\u7684\u809D\u57FA\u56E0\u8868\u8FBE\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\uFF0C\u51CF\u5C11\u4E86\u5927\u817F\u548C\u80F8\u90E8\u4E19\u4E8C\u919B\u6C34\u5E73\uFF0835%\uFF09\u3002
\n
\n\u7EFC\u4E0A\u6240\u8FF0\uFF0C\u6DFB\u52A030%\u7684DL-\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u80FD\u591F\u90E8\u5206\u7684\u51CF\u8F7B\u9972\u517B\u5BC6\u5EA6\u589E\u52A0\u6240\u5E26\u6765\u7684\u4E0D\u826F\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u6539\u5584\u8089\u9E21\u7684\u6C27\u5316\u8FD8\u539F\u72B6\u6001\u3002
\n
\nSupplemental methionine and stocking density affect antioxidant status, fatty acid profiles, and growth performance of broiler chickens
\n
\nBroilers stocked in high densities may be prone to oxidative and inflammatory insults, resulting in impaired health status, growth performance, and meat quality. This study was to determine if 30% extra supplemental DL-methionine alleviated or prevented those adverse effects of a higher stocking density in broiler chickens. A total of 560 male Cornish Cross cockerels (day old) were divided into four groups: two stocking densities (9 and 12 birds/m2) and two supplementations of methionine (grower: 2.90 or 3.77 g/kg and finisher: 2.60 or 3.38 g/kg). Growth performance was recorded weekly. Blood and tissues were sampled at the end of each period. High stocking density decreased (P < 0.05) body weight and growth performance of growers and (or) finishers. Those differences were partially attenuated by the extra methionine supplementation. The high methionine elevated (P < 0.05) glutathione (GSH) concentration in the thigh at both ages (> 24%). The high stocking density elevated (>28%, P < 0.05) glutathione concentration in the plasma, breast, and thigh of growers, but decreased (P < 0.05) it in the liver of growers and thigh of finishers. Interaction effects (P < 0.05) between dietary methionine and stocking density were found on activities of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione S-transferase in the liver of growers and breast, thigh, and adipose tissue of finishers. The interaction effect was also found on activities of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase in the thigh of growers. The extra methionine decreased (P < 0.05) hepatic gene expression of heat shock protein 90 (18%) and thigh and breast malondialdehyde concentrations of the finishers (35%). In conclusion, the 30% extra DL-methionine supplementation was able to partially mitigate adverse effects caused by the higher stocking density and to improve the redox status of the broilers.
\n
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This study was to determine if 30% extra supplemental DL-methionine alleviated or prevented those adverse effects of a higher stocking density in broiler chickens. A total of 560 male Cornish Cross cockerels (day old) were divided into four groups: two stocking densities (9 and 12 birds/m2) and two supplementations of methionine (grower: 2.90 or 3.77 g/kg and finisher: 2.60 or 3.38 g/kg). Growth performance was recorded weekly. Blood and tissues were sampled at the end of each period. High stocking density decreased (P < 0.05) body weight and growth performance of growers and (or) finishers. Those differences were partially attenuated by the extra methionine supplementation. The high methionine elevated (P < 0.05) glutathione (GSH) concentration in the thigh at both ages (> 24%). The high stocking density elevated (>28%, P < 0.05) glutathione concentration in the plasma, breast, and thigh of growers, but decreased (P < 0.05) it in the liver of growers and thigh of finishers. Interaction effects (P < 0.05) between dietary methionine and stocking density were found on activities of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione S-transferase in the liver of growers and breast, thigh, and adipose tissue of finishers. The interaction effect was also found on activities of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase in the thigh of growers. The extra methionine decreased (P < 0.05) hepatic gene expression of heat shock protein 90 (18%) and thigh and breast malondialdehyde concentrations of the finishers (35%). In conclusion, the 30% extra DL-methionine supplementation was able to partially mitigate adverse effects caused by the higher stocking density and to improve the redox status of the broilers.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"}]